– The contemporary accounts of Tacitus’s Histories, Annals, and Agricola underpin the majority of the narrative for early Roman Britain, but is open to interpretation

– A substantial amount of Roman coins and pottery dating from the Claudian-Neronian era has been found and is displayed in York suggesting pre-Flavian occupation of the area

Fig.1 Wincobank Woods, Sheffield: Level 3 archaeological survey (Northern, Fig 20.3)

– Good examples of South Yorkshire’s traditional British defences are the Roman Rig and Wincobank Hill Fort, as seen in Fig.1

– A significant number of forts have been discovered in South Yorkshire (though there may be more to find), and all mentioned here can be seen on the Map

– Danum appears to have been the most significant fort in South Yorkshire with the longest occupation and most substantial vicus, It will have benefited from its positioning along the main road north, the Roman Ridge

– Evidence of reconstruction and reoccupation of forts in South Yorkshire is dated to around the mid-second century, and the reasons for this might be connected to revolt in the area, but the evidence is somewhat circumstantial